Secondary glaucoma – Can glaucoma occur after injury (trauma) to the eye?

When an eye sustains an injury there can be an acute increase in IOP due to damage to the angle structures, hyphema (blood in anterior chamber), inflammation, and other mechanisms. The more severe the trauma, the greater are the chances to develop glaucoma and other ocular complications. But IOP increase may also occur later in life due to damage of the trabecular meshwork. This form of glaucoma can occur even up to 10-20 years after injury. These are also considered secondary glaucoma cases.

It is recommended that any person who has sustained an injury to the eye should get him/herself evaluated for glaucoma, and maintain regular follow-up with an ophthalmologist.


Secondary glaucoma – Can glaucoma occur after injury (trauma) to the eye? Fig. 1

Fig. 1. Left: mild trauma showing irregularity of the iris pupil border (arrow). Middle: severe trauma showing iris disinsertion. Right: trauma leading to intra-ocular bleeding – blood at the angle clogging the drainage system of the eye.


World Glaucoma Association

Important message for glaucoma patients

It is important for you to get yourself regularly screened for glaucoma. If you have been diagnosed to have glaucoma, effective treatment options are now available and regular treatment and follow up can help you to preserve your vision for your lifetime, avoiding unnecessary fear of going blind.

You can live happily with glaucoma and enjoy an excellent quality of life, particularly if the disease is detected early and treated in time. Always remember that once you have glaucoma, you will have to be under the care of an eye doctor for the rest of your life.

There is a lot of research going on and new treatments may become available for glaucoma in the near future.

World Glaucoma Association