Ocular hypertension

This condition occurs in eyes with elevated IOP, without optic nerve damage. Due to individual characteristics that determine a decreased susceptibility to the disease, these eyes do not develop glaucoma. This may be partially explained in some cases due to an increased central corneal thickness (thick cornea), which may lead to imprecise measurement of the IOP by tonometer devices (overestimation of the IOP).

However, it is important to note that some eyes with elevated IOP may be simply at the beginning of the disease process, whereas there was not enough time to damage the optic nerve head. If this is the case, with time, glaucoma will develop.

The ophthalmologist will discuss with the patient the advantages and disadvantages of different management approaches for this condition in each case, including observation only or treatment.

In all Ocular Hypertension cases, continuous long-term follow-up are highly recommended, and some eye exams will be necessary for proper monitoring.

World Glaucoma Association

Important message for glaucoma patients

It is important for you to get yourself regularly screened for glaucoma. If you have been diagnosed to have glaucoma, effective treatment options are now available and regular treatment and follow up can help you to preserve your vision for your lifetime, avoiding unnecessary fear of going blind.

You can live happily with glaucoma and enjoy an excellent quality of life, particularly if the disease is detected early and treated in time. Always remember that once you have glaucoma, you will have to be under the care of an eye doctor for the rest of your life.

There is a lot of research going on and new treatments may become available for glaucoma in the near future.

World Glaucoma Association

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